Does your ceiling fan only work at high speed? While the first thought may be to buy a new fan, it is possible to repair the faulty fan using standard tools. The replacements (capacitors and switches) are also readily available.
Why is the ceiling fan stuck on high speed?
Why does the ceiling fan only go one speed? The two reasons why the ceiling fan is stuck on high speed include:
- The capacitor is faulty
- The fan’s switches are malfunctioned
- A malfunctioned remote
Requirements for fixing your fan
If the issue lies with the remote, you can easily reset it. When the remote isn’t the case, fixing a ceiling fan stuck on high speed can be technical. Therefore, you will need the following tools:
- Standard screwdriver
- Jumbo paperclip
- A standard stepladder
- Replacement capacitor and switches
- Voltage tester (noncontact)
How to fix a ceiling fan that is stuck on high speed
To fix a ceiling fan that is stuck on one speed, follow these two steps.
Step #1: Replace the ceiling fan’s capacitor
If you cannot adjust ceiling fan speed, the first thing you should check is the fan’s capacitor. The replacement capacitor must be identical to the faulty one for the fan to work.
To replace the ceiling fan’s capacitor:
- Switch off the home’s circuit breaker
- Unscrew the fan’s housing
- Locate the capacitor’s wires
- Cut the two wires connecting the old capacitor
- Replace the capacitor (red wire to the first terminal and the neutral wire to the second terminal).
- Connect the new capacitor to the fan’s power supply
- Switch the house circuit breaker on
- Try to adjust the fan’s speed.
If you are buying a new capacitor from an online store, make sure it is compatible with your fan. The same case applies if you are buying the capacitor replacement from the local store. You should also have this ceiling fan wiring guide with you to ensure that you are wiring it right.
Step #2: Replace the fan’s switches
All ceiling fans have internal switches to control the blades’ speeds. Since the primary material in all switches is plastic, they are prone to damages. Therefore, switches break because of chain pulls, and in some cases, the ceiling fan may be faulty at the unit’s throat. Due to these damages, the ceiling fan won’t change speeds, even if the capacitor is working.
To repair the fan’s switches:
- Turn off the circuit breaker
- Use the noncontact voltage detector. If the detector senses an electric wave, it will beep and flash.
- Locate the switch’s plate (usually under the ceiling fan)
- Unscrew the switch housing
- After unscrewing the switch from its housing. (Do not disconnect the wires yet)
- Identify the numbered wires (1, 2, and 3) and the wire with letter L. Note the wire color for the sequential steps.
- Disconnect the switch wires
- Replace the old switch with the new one
- Use wire connectors to tighten up the new connections.
Before replacing the fan’s switches, ensure the replacement has a similar design. If you are uncertain about the ideal switch replacement, visit the local store with your fan model number. Replacing the switch with the right model will solve the ceiling fan speed problem.
The switch and capacitor damages can keep the ceiling fan stuck on high speed. Replacing the two elements allows you to change speeds. While the processes are simple, use the recommended tools for safety.